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China has to walk a fine balance between local govern

nment debt management and stable economic growth, especially at a time when trade te

nsions with the United States have imposed more downward pressure, said economists.

More financial resources and investors will be involved in the debt resolution process, said Qiao Baoyun, head of the Acad

emy of Public Finance and Public Policy at the Central University of Finance and Economics.

The last round of local government debt swaps started in 2015 and ended in August 2018, w

hich saw 14.34 trillion yuan ($2.08 trillion) of local government debt being swapped into bonds.

Local governments are set to face more debt burden in the next three ye

ars, as many of the previously issued bonds are set to expire, income from land sales has

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Trade agreements can affect the types of goods being

traded and they can redirect trade toward one country, away

from others. They cannot directly affect any country’s worldwide current account balance. A count

ry that saves less than it invests will have to borrow foreign funds to import foreign goods to make up that difference.

There are two ways to reduce the US trade deficit. A serious recession would reduce investme

nt, but nobody advocates that as a strategy. The only other path is to change the US financial and gove

rnment system to encourage increased savings. China has almost nothing to do with it.

Ironically, the disputes between the US and China center around both nations’ legitimate desires to

protect some current low-skilled jobs, or at least to allow an easier transition to new jobs and industries.

US administration’s economic policy has rightly focused on the need to

retain jobs for working-class people in the US. And, China’s companies that export to the U

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he scholars suggested that authorities such as th

 National Health Commission should monitor all gene-editing centers and IVF clinics in China to ensure trials are in line with regulations.

A national registry dedicated to clinical trials involving cell technologies should be established to pro

mote greater transparency, they said, so that before a trial begins scientists would need to pass an

ethics review and provide a list of names of all participating scientists and institutions.

Universities and research institutes should strengthen education and

training in bioethics and scientific and medical professionalism, covering research sci

entists and students of science, medicine and the humanities at all levels, they said.

In addition, more efforts should be undertaken to eliminate prejudice against people wi

th disabilities, which exists in the minds of some scholars, they said. Following the gene-edited baby incid

ent, government departments have vowed to improve supervision, and new regulations are being made or revised.

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Last year, there were 150 million people 60 years or abo

above living with chronic diseases in China. Of those, 44 million

were fully or partially disabled and in need of regular nursing services, she said.

“With more nurses and nurse’s aides, the demand for nursing services from the elderly will be gradually met,” she said.

The commission will also encourage community health centers to provide more nursin

g services for the elderly in neighborhoods, Jiao said. They would include more beds and setting up day-care centers.

Regulations will also be released to encourage community health centers to pro

vide beds to the elderly at home, so family doctors can provide treatment there, she said.

“The disabled, whether fully or partial, will be the priority in nursing services,” Jiao sa

id. “We will release a detailed standard for evaluating nursing services for the disabled elderly

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Not only are there missing links on the causality chai

 between long-term structural factors and actual economic performance, it is also unclear how long those factors would take to constrain GDP growth to a part

cular level. In fact, 20 years ago, the same long-term factors were used to warn of a possible fall in Chinese GDP growth.

Because of the complexity of China’s growth trajectory, many economists seem to base their assessments of potenti

al on performance. After every drop in China’s GDP growth since the second quarter of 2012-when growth fell be

low 8 percent-economists have emerged to declare that performance was in line with potential.

Difficult to determine potential growth rate

To be sure, there are various estimates of China’s potential growth rate, ranging from 5 perc

ent to 8 percent. But it is difficult to determine which is reliable. For one thing, there is reason to believe that

most estimates fail to discount cyclical factors adequately when calculating the long-term trend.

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In the years since, the country has continued to maint

tain a breakneck pace of economic development, which has brought booming economic prosperity.

Unfortunately, it has also brought a deteriorating environment. Seeing heavy smog, for ex

ample, many people feel that a worsening environment will destroy the happiness brought by economic growth.

Since 2012, the new leadership under President Xi Jinping has put forward a series of ecol

ogical ideas. On Sunday, Xi said at the opening ceremony of the exhibition that “green mountains and cle

ar waters are indeed mountains of gold and silver, and environmental improvement means great productivity”.

This idea, dubbed the theory of two mountains, enjoys immense popular support in China.

Xi, who is also general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party o

f China, urged officials at all levels never to sacrifice the environment for economic growth.

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The General Office of the State Council will take cha

e charge of the task, according to the decree signed by Premier Li Keqiang.

All government services, unless otherwise specified by laws and regulations or involving state secrets, shall

be processed online in line with the procedures determined by the State Council, the decree noted.

Government service providers must not require enterprises or ind

ividuals to submit information that is already acces

sible through information sharing. Neither are they allo

wed to put the submitted information to other uses.

The decree also confirms the legal validity of electronic signatures, seals, certificates and archives.

The decree came into effect the day it was made public.

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She added that Nepal sticks to the one-China policy an

 and will not allow any forces to use its territory to conduct any anti-China activities.

The two leaders witnessed the signing of bilateral cooperation documents after the meeting.

hinese tech giant Huawei reported a 149 percent rise in research and development spendin

g from 2014 to 2018, faster than its counterparts Apple and Samsung, according to a Bloomberg report released last Friday.

The company’s R&D expenditure increase was just behind Amazon, which rose 210 percent during the 5-year period.

China is now Nepal’s biggest source of foreign investment

, second-largest trade partner and second-largest source of foreign tourists.

Ahead of the First Belt and Road Forum for International Coopera

tion, China and Nepal signed a memorandum on Belt and Road cooperation in May 2017.

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Medical experts said bills for patients requiring 29

of the 55 rare disease medicines available on the Chinese mainland

have been partly or fully covered by the country’s medical insurance system.

The average medical bill for rare disease patients is 200,000 yuan ($

29,700) a year and more than 40 percent of patients have received no medical tre

atment due to the high prices, according to Li Linkang, China Alliance of Rate Diseases executive director.

Biogen, the United Sates-based pharmaceutical compa

ny that developed the drug, said that it is talking to the C

hinese government, the medical and patient communities, and charitable orga

nizations in a bid to establish a co-payment system to make the drug available to more patients.

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Pledges at forum draw overseas experts’ praise

The international community has hailed President Xi Jinping’s call on Friday to ease market

access for foreign capital and increase imports so that opening-up reaches a higher level.

Xi said in his keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the S

econd Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing that the purpose of buil

ding the Belt and Road is to achieve win-win cooperation and common development.

China will increase its imports of goods and services and will further lower its tariff rates, Xi said.

Francis Chua, chairman emeritus of the Philippine Chamber of Commer

ce and Industry, noted Xi’s emphasis on quality imports and state-of-the-art products.

“China will keep its commitments,” said Chua, who was attending the forum as a member of the Philippine business delegation.

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